context dependent memory in two

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We propose a neural network with two timescales in which a sequence of fixed points of the fast dynamics is generated through bifurcations by slow dynamics as a control parameter By adopting a simple biologically plausible learning rule the neural network can recall a complex context-dependent sequence Considering multiple timescales experimentally observed in cortical areas this study In order to detect the source of this interaction two separate two-way ANOVA was performed in a 2 2 within-within design between congruency and context type in T-C condition and in T-T condition The two analyses show that while in the T-T condition CE emerged as a main effect F(1 32) = 10 72 p = 0 003 and interacted with congruency F(1 32) = 13 33 p = 0 001 no CE was found in the T-C

Context

The present study explored whether such context-dependence develops when sequence execution is fully memory-based-and thus no longer assisted by stimulus-response translations Specifically we aimed to distinguish between preparation and execution processes Participants performed two keying sequences in a go/no-go version of the discrete sequence production task in which the context

Language context guides memory content Viorica Marian and Margarita Kaushans K aya Northwestern University Evanston Illinois The relationship between language and memory was examined by testing accessibility of general knowledge across two languages in bilinguals Mandarin–English speakers were asked questions such as "name a statue of someone standing with a raised arm while looking

Definitions of Context-dependent memory synonyms antonyms derivatives of Context-dependent memory analogical dictionary of Context-dependent memory (English) English English ↔ search: Arabic Bulgarian Chinese Croatian Czech Danish Dutch English Estonian Finnish French German Greek Hebrew Hindi Hungarian Icelandic Indonesian Italian Japanese Korean Latvian Lithuanian Malagasy

Two experiments re-examined whether chewing spearmint gum affects initial word learning and/or immediate recall for a word list Both experiments failed to show effects of chewing gum at learning or recall nor did they suggest that chewing gum produces a context-dependent memory effect This was true when extraneous contextual cues at learning and recall were minimised (Experiment 2

Fig 1 Egr1 expression in the cowbird hippocampus is context-dependent (a) Two rooms with different visual cues (floor and wall) were available for foraging each with a distinctive arrangement of cups (birds displaced paper lid to obtain food reward) (b) Sample confocal images (scale bar = 50 μm) showing intranuclear foci signal

CONTEXT DEPENDENCE

CONTEXT DEPENDENCE 39 CONTEXT DEPENDENCE As the previous three chapters imply the effect ofa stimulus is context dependent That is decision makers do not perceive and remember material in isolation they interpret new information in light of past experience and the context in which the material occurs In one situa

Tulving and Thomson's (1973) encoding specificity principle posited that pairing a context cue with content during encoding and then showing that context cue alone at retrieval will activate memory of the content making it easier to recall In a series of experiments Tulving and his associates (Thomson Tulving 1970 Tulving 1972 Tulving Osler 1968 Tulving Thomson 1973) found that

Sleep after learning is often beneficial for memory Reinstating an environmental context that was present at learning during subsequent retrieval also leads to superior declarative memory performance This study examined how post-learning sleep relative to wakefulness impacts upon context-dependent memory effects Thirty-two participants encoded word lists in each of two rooms (contexts

The two main brain structures involved in context-dependent memory are the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex The hippocampus is thought to be the center of human emotion the autonomic nervous system and memory The prefrontal cortex is an area of gray matter on both sides of the front part of the brain It is important in emotional cognitive and behavioral functions In one study

Fig 1 Egr1 expression in the cowbird hippocampus is context-dependent (a) Two rooms with different visual cues (floor and wall) were available for foraging each with a distinctive arrangement of cups (birds displaced paper lid to obtain food reward) (b) Sample confocal images (scale bar = 50 μm) showing intranuclear foci signal

Encoding instructions and stimulus presentation in local environmental context-dependent memory studies (PMID:20635301) Abstract Citations Related Articles Data BioEntities External Links ' ' Markopoulos G ' ' Rutherford A ' ' Cairns C ' ' Green J Memory (Hove England) [15 Jul 2010 18(6):610-624] Type: Journal Article DOI: 10 1080/09658211 2010 497764 Abstract Murnane and

CONTEXT DEPENDENCE 39 CONTEXT DEPENDENCE As the previous three chapters imply the effect ofa stimulus is context dependent That is decision makers do not perceive and remember material in isolation they interpret new information in light of past experience and the context in which the material occurs In one situa

The present study explored whether such context-dependence develops when sequence execution is fully memory-based-and thus no longer assisted by stimulus-response translations Specifically we aimed to distinguish between preparation and execution processes Participants performed two keying sequences in a go/no-go version of the discrete sequence production task in which the context

Video context

With a context load of 1 item a concordant effect and context dependent-recognition discrimination were found in two video experiments and one background-photograph experiment Successive presentation of 4-s video contexts produced context-dependent effects in hit rate and in d' with a context load of 6 items and study time of 4 seconds per item and with a context load of 18 items and

Sleep after learning is often beneficial for memory Reinstating an environmental context that was present at learning during subsequent retrieval also leads to superior declarative memory performance This study examined how post-learning sleep relative to wakefulness impacts upon context-dependent memory effects Thirty-two participants encoded word lists in each of two rooms (contexts

All context words are represented with their first three consonants in the context-dependent model We train the seq2seq models using a large text corpus collected automatically from the Internet The corpus contains approximately 4 million sentences We randomly introduce substitution deletion and insertion spelling errors to the words in the corpus We test the performance of the proposed

Sleep after learning is often beneficial for memory Reinstating an environmental context that was present at learning during subsequent retrieval also leads to superior declarative memory performance This study examined how post-learning sleep relative to wakefulness impacts upon context-dependent memory effects Thirty-two participants encoded word lists in each of two rooms (contexts

Delayed extinction by contrast yielded a brief form of fear renewal that reextinguished within the testing session for context-shift participants and there was no spontaneous recovery in the same-context participants The authors conclude that the passage of time allows for memory consolidation processes to promote the formation of distinct yet flexible emotional memory traces that confer

N2 - Retrieval dynamics in context-dependent recall were explored via manipulations of external and internal context in two experiments Participants were tested in either the same or different context as the material was learned in and correct recalls errors and recall latency measures were examined In both experiments changes in context resulted in fewer correct items being recalled than

Context-Dependent Memory In Two Natural Environments: On Land and Underwater 3/13/2017 1 Comment The authors of this research paper actively applied the scientific method to their inquiry by thoroughly developing each section of the scientific method They gathered information from previous studies and experiments on the subject and created an in-depth hypothesis They then tested their

Document Context Neural Machine Translation with Memory Networks Sameen Maruf and Gholamreza Haffari Faculty of Information Technology Monash University Australia ffirstname lastnamegmonash edu Abstract We present a document-level neural ma-chine translation model which takes both source and target document context into account using memory